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concur (v) /kənˈkɜː(r)/
- to agree, be in accord with, unite in opinion
- concur comes from the Latin com- “together” + currere “to run, flow”, and means literally “to run or flow together, go along with”. That derivation has led to 3 slightly different meanings of the word. First, concur may be used to mean “to act together, combine in having an effect” as ‘Time and chance concurred in our success’. Second, concur may be used to mean “happen together, occur at the same time, coincide”, as ‘His pay raise concurred with his promotion.’. The third and most common meaning of concur is “to agree”, as ‘Your story concurs with theirs.’, ‘We concurred on almost every point of negotiation.’
vanguard (n) /ˈvænɡɑːd/
- the forefront of an action or movement, leading position or persons in a movement
- They were in the vanguard of the war on poverty.
- In its strict military sense, vanguard means the troops moving at the head of an army, the part of the army that goes ahead of the main body.
sporadic (a) /spɒˈrædɪk/
- occasional, infrequent, irregular, not constant, happening from time to time, occurring in a scattered or random way.
- A business venture may have sporadic success. A gambler’s luck may be sporadic. Sporadic crimes are crimes scattered here and there throughout the city or neighborhood. Sporadic outbreaks of a disease in the population are occasional, isolated outbreaks.
- Antonyms: constant, incessant, unremitting
adamant (a) Brit. /ˈadəm(ə)nt/ , U.S. /ˈædəm(ə)nt/
- unyielding, immovable, inflexible, refusing to give in, unshakable, unrelenting, implacable
- She was adamant in her opposition to the plan.
- The adjective adamant comes from the noun adamant, spelled the same way, which refers to a hard substance or stone such as a diamond that in ancient times was believed to be unbreakable. There is an old word adamantine still listed in current dictionaries but not often used. It means like adamant: very hard, unbreakable. The adjective adamant which has replaced adamantine in current usage means hard in the sense of inflexible, immovable, unyielding.
- noisy, disagreeably or offensively loud, boisterous, clamorous
- the blatant sound of horns honking in heavy traffic
- blatant is also used to mean sticking out in a glaring way, obtrusive, flagrant, as in a blatant lie, a blatant error, a blatant attempt to impress the boss. In either sense, blatant suggests something conspicuous and disagreeable.