Archive | December 2011
congenial (a) /kənˈdʒiːnɪəl/
- sympathetic, agreeable, compatible, kindred, harmonious, having the same taste, nature or temperament.
- Congenial persons have similar or sympathetic tastes, interests or personalities. Congenial things agree, go well together.
- Antonyms: alien, dissident, & incongruous
- practical, having to do with actual practice, concerned with everyday affairs as opposed to theory or speculation.
- pragmatic comes from the Latin pragmaticus (which means skilled in business or law). The lawyer is concerned with evidence and proof; the business person is concerned with facts and figures. Both have little time for speculation, both must be pragmatic – concerned with practical, everyday affairs.
saturated (a) /ˈsætjʊəreɪtɪd/
- soaked, thoroughly wet, full of moisture
- Synonyms: drenched, steeped, permeated, impregnated, imbued & sodden.
- to saturate means ‘to soak or wet thoroughly’, either literally, as in “My French fries are saturated with oil.”, or figuratively – “The company saturated the media with ads for its new products.”
- saturation is the corresponding noun.
- Synonyms: handy, clever, able, deft, expert, dexterous, proficient, & adroit.
- Adept comes from the Latin adeptus, an alchemist who has learned to do the impossible – changed base metals into gold.
- The noun an adept /ˈædɛpt/, means a highly skilled person, an expert. The adjective adept means skilled, dexterous, proficient.
- gloomy, moody, glum, grumpy, ill-tempered, depressed.
- After weeks of futile job hunting, he became morose.
- More difficult synonyms of morose include: dolorous (which means mournful, full of sadness), lugubrious (which means extremely gloomy or dismal), and saturnine (which means having a bitter disposition or sour outlook on life).
- Antonyms include: optimistic, jovial, & sanguine (which means having a cheerful confident outlook on life).
- sullen & morose are close in meaning. When you refuse to speak or associate with people because you’re in a bad mood, you’re being sullen. When you are depressed and silent because you’re feeling bitter or resentful, you are morose. Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary 10th Ed says that morose suggests bitterness, or misanthropy (mis-anthropy is hatred of humankind, a spiteful or pessimistic attitude about the human race).
candor | candour /ˈkændə(r)/
- frankness, openness, sincere expression
- Synonyms: straightforwardness, outspokenness, forthrightness & ingenuousness
- Candor is the noun, the adjective is candid (frank, open, sincere).
- The candid person expresses his or her thoughts frankly and openly, with no hesitation. The forthright person speaks directly to the point, plainly and sometimes bluntly in a no-nonsense manner. The ingenuous person speaks honestly and sincerely, with no hint of evasiveness or deception.
- eerie, strange, weird, mysterious –> an uncanny experience
- uncanny may refer to something that is strange in an unnatural or unearthly way, something whose strangeness is unsettling or even frightening.
- uncanny may also be used to mean ‘beyond what is normal or expected, strange in a remarkable or marvelous way’
–> an uncanny resemblance, or uncanny ability.